Comparison of One-point and Two-point Methods for Estimation of Infiltration Parameters in Furrow Irrigation

Document Type: Original Article


1 MSc student, Department of Water Engineering, University of Tabriz, Iran

2 Assist. Prof, Department of Water Engineering, University of Tabriz,Iran.

3 Department of Water Engineering, University of Tabriz,Iran.


Infiltration is one of the most important hydraulic parameters affecting surface irrigation and one of
the most difficult parameters in practical field determinations. The infiltration equations are used to
describe water flow hydraulics and surface irrigation systems design. But determination of the
parameters in these equations are costly and time consuming. Therefore, some estimating methods are
used for this purpose. In this study , three inflow-outflow (as the base method), Shepard et al.’s onepoint
method and Elliot and Walker two-point method were used to determine the parameters of the
infiltration equations. By comparing with the inflow-outflow method, the accuracy of the one point
and two point methods were evaluated for volumetric determination infiltrated water. For this purpose,
the collected data from 201C1 and 201E sugarcane farms in Haft-Tappeh with furrow irrigation
system were analyzed. The data were collected under different inflow rates and furrow lengths. The
results showed that the Elliot and Walker two-point method with relative errors of 8.08 percent for
201C1 farm and 12.85 percent for 201E farm had more accuracy in relation to the Shepard et al.’s onepoint
method with in estimation of cumulative infiltration depth. This method had also more
satisfactory results with relative errors of 4.03 percent and 6.41 percent for 201C1 and 201E farms,


ابراهیمیان، ح قنبریان علویجه، ب.، عباسی، ف. و هورفر، ع. (1389). ارایه روش دو نقطه­ای جدید به منظور برآورد پارامترهای نفوذپذیری در آبیاری جویچه­ای و نواری و مقایسه آن با سایر روش­ها.  نشریه آب و خاک. 4، ص. 690-698.

علیزاده، ا. (1389). طراحی سیستم­های آبیاری. جلد اول. انتشارات دانشگاه امام رضا مشهد. 

مصطفی زاده فرد، ب. و عزیزی، آ. (1385). تعیین پارامترهای معادله نفوذ کوستیاکوف-لوئیس به روش بیلان حجم به روش آبیاری نواری. مجله علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی. 13 (1)، ص. 1-9.

معروف پور، ع. (1375). ارزیابی راندمان­های آبیاری در مزارع شرکت کشت و صنعت نیشکر هفت تپه. پایان نامه کارشناسی ارشد،دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید چمران، ص،135.

Austin, N. R. and Prendergast, J. B. (1997). Use of kinematic wave theory to model irrigation on a cracking soil Irrigation Science, 18, pp:1–10.

Benami, A. and Ofen, A. (1984). Irrigation engineering: sprinkler, trickle, surface irrigation. principles, design and agricultural practices. Irrigation Engineering Scientific Publication, IIIC Bet Dagan.

Ebrahimian, H., Liaghat, A., Ghanbarian Alavijeh, B. and Abbasi, F. (2010). Evalution of various quick methods for estimating furrow and border infiltration parameters. Irrigation Science, 28, pp:479-488.

Elliott, R.L. and Walker, W. R. (1982). Field evalution of furrow infiltration and advance functions. Transaction American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 25, pp:396-400.

Esfandiari, M. and Maheshawari, B .L. (1997). Application of the optimization method for estimating infiltration characteristics in furrow irrigation and its comparison with other methods. Agricultural Water Management, 34, pp:169-185.

Holzapfel, E. A., Jara, J., Zuniga, C., Marino, M.A., Paredes, J. and Billib, M. (2004). Infiltration parameters for furrow irrigation. Agricultural Water Management, 68, pp:19-32.

Khatri, K. L. and Smith, R.J. (2005). Evaluation of methods for determining infiltration parameters from irrigation advance data. Irrigation and Drainage, 54: pp:467–482.

Lnagat, P. K., Smith, R.J. and Raine, S. R. (2008). Estimating the furrow infiltration characteristic from a single advance point. Irrigation Science, 26, pp:367-374.

McClymont, D. J. and Smith, R.J. (1996) Infiltration parameters from optimisation on furrow irrigation advance data. Irrigation Science, 17 (1), pp.15–22.

Shepard, J. S., Wallender, W.W. and Hopmans, J.W. (1993). One method for estimating furrow infiltration. Transaction American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 36 (2), pp.395-404.

Upadhyaya, S. K. and Raghuwanshi, N.S. (1999). Semiempirical infiltration equations for furrow irrigation systems. Irrigation and Drainage, 125 (4), pp.173–178.

Valiantzas, J. D., Aggelides, S. and Sassalou, A. (2001). Furrow infiltration estimation from time to a single advance point. Agric Water Management, 52, pp.17–32

Walker, W. R. and Skogerboe, G. (1987). Surface irrigation: theory and practice. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA.