Inflow Regime Evaluation into Bamdej Wetland to Plan Stable Environmental Management

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 MA in Environmental Sciences and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khuzestan

2 PhD in Hydrology and Resources, Water Resources Director of Khuzestan

3 Assistant Professor of Islamic Azad University, Khuzestan Science and Research, Department of Environmental Management

Abstract

In the recent years,theprojects developed the studies onwater resources and agriculture, development
of human societies, the phenomenon of climate change and drought greatest environmental impact,
socio-economic and industry in developing and even under developing countries. Results of these
issues showed the effects of mortality and immigration, human and animal species, environmental
degradation, the lack of food resources, energy, water and other natural resources degradation.
Therefore,in many scientific circles, the proper use of natural resources, land management, ecosystem
conservation and agricultural activities in order to reduce the damaging effects of environmental
stresses is controlled. Bamdej wetland with an area of 4000 hectares located in the South West
province, which is fed by the river Shavoor seems to depend on the wetlands for sustainable
environmental management and environmental factors, including factors involved in the development
of the drainage basin whichis adjacent to. This research studied thewetlands along the river Shavoor
field. Itaimed to assess the quality and quantity of water flow and provide a suitable model Bamdej
pond water to improve environmental management of thewetlands. Preliminary analysis of the annual
inflow to the wetland appeared to set two separate samples is formed further data on the original series
and two series of samples have been analyzed separately. Statistical analysis showed the difference
between the two series of data through SPSS statistical software. Consequently, a series of annual flow
was also taken into consideration. For water quality parameters such as EC, TDS, total cations, total
anions and pH,two distinct consistent flow regime and a series of extractionwere analyzed. The results
showed that there were statistically significant in both series. Results gave a model of environmental
management with emphasis on the quality and quantity of the inflow to the wetland ponds. These
parameters can be programmed to yield equivalent to 600 million cubic meters, 3 million cubic meters
of potable needs, industry needs 7 million cubic meters, 25 million cubic meters for aquaculture,
agriculture require 500 million cubic meters, and 140 million cubic meters environment. Follow the
pattern of the upstream needs such as agriculture, environmental needs and meet wetland ponds will
stabilize the system.
Keywords: Hydrological

Keywords


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