Climate change Effects of Surface soil temperature profile in Ahwaz

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

Abstract

In arid and semi-arid regions, soil surface warming is a considerable phenomenon causing a high thermal gradient which makes water flow intensely. The degree of soil temperature is effective on crop production, plant growth and soil microorganisms. In recent years, the ascending trend of temperature has been substantially noticed by researchers in the issues of pointwise climate change and at watershed level. The present study proved the occurrence of ascending trend in time series of temperature through both non-parametric and Mann Kendall parametric tests as well as linear regression in synoptic station in Ahwaz province, Iran. Next, meanwhile the degree of trend was determined, the relations of SoilMedium temperature were obtained for the depths of 5 and 30 cm. Applying the relations of air temperature ascending trend together with the relations of soil-medium temperature both developed a new relation which can express the ascending tend of soil temperature based on medium temperature. These relations indicated that, in depths of 5 and 30 cm, the soil temperature is higher respectively by 2 and 1 ˚C than medium temperature. Furthermore, the ascending trend of temperature gradient of soil surface profile in depths of 5 and 30 cm is respectively 0.038 and 0.030 ˚C per year. Although the increase of soil temperature is assumed to be limited, these low soil temperature changes are effective on plant growth and soil properties like moisture profile of soil structure alteration, thermal conductivity, heat capacity and heat diffusion coefficient.  

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